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Happy #morphememonday everyone! I hope you are doing well and enjoyed your weekend.

This week we will be focusing on a Latin prefix and root and an Old English suffix.

 


Origin: Latin
Definition: with, together
Examples: collegiate, collateral, colloquialism, collate, colinea

                    <non> + <col> + <laps> + <ible> -> noncollapsible
                    <col> + <lect> + <ive> -> collective
                    <col> + <loqu> + <y> -> colloquy
                    <col> + <lab> + <or> + <ate> + <or> -> collaborator

  • This prefix is a variant of <con> and should not be taught until after <con> has been discussed

  • This prefix is suitable for teaching older students who are coming across words containing it

 

Origin: Latin
Definition: speak, talk or say
Examples: eloquent, loquacious, ventriloquism, prolocutor, interlocution

                    <soli> + <loqu> + <ist> -> soliloquist
                    <ob> + <loqu> + <y> -> obloquy
                    <inter> + <loc> + <ut> + <or> -> interlocutor
                    <col> + <loqu> + <ial> -> colloquial

  • This Latin root is one that I would teach in context or to older high school students. It is a root that would not be very useful at helping younger students define novel words they come across while reading.

 

Origin: Old English
Definition: made of, to make, plural form
Examples: women, shaken, sweeten, oxen, roughen

                    <for> + <bid> + <en> -> forbidden
                    <length> + <en> -> lengthen
                    <flat> + <en> + <ed> -> flattened
                    <oak> + <en> -> oaken
                    <write> + <en> -> written

  • This Old English suffix should be taught to children in the upper elementary grades.

  • When teaching this suffix, focus on the meanings to make, and made of before discussing that it can be used as a plural form.

  • When teaching children about plurals, I would mention that long ago this suffix was sometimes used to make words plural but not as common today. Some examples of words with this suffix as a plural would be oxen and women.

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