Happy September Everyone!

For those of you in Canada or the United States, Happy Labour Day too!

Where I live, September means it is time to head back to school and get ready for the fall.  This year, I hope more teachers take the time to learn about what morphological awareness is and how they might be able to incorporate it into their everyday teaching with only a little bit of increased effort.

If there is anything I can do or post to help you learn more about the importance of morphological awareness (or any other topic for that matter) please send an email to blog@garfortheducation.com

Without further ado, here are this week’s morphemes:

Origin: Greek

Definition: half

Examples: hemispherical, hemispasm, hemicardia, hemipyramid, hemiglyph

<hemi> + <sphere> = hemisphere

<hemi> + <sect> = hemisect

<hemi> + <cycle> = hemicycle

  • Technically speaking, <hemi> is considered a Greek Combining Form, however, it is often taught as a prefix.
  • This is an advanced morpheme that can be taught to older students and discussed in context when it arises in content classes.

Origin: Latin

Definition: cut

Allomorph: sec

Examples: insect, trisect, midsection, hemisect, prosector, dissect

<bi> + <sect> + <or> = bisector

<re> + <sect> + <ion> = resection

<sect> + <or> = sector

<inter> + <sect> + <ion> = intersection

<sect> + <ion> + <al> = sectional

  • This root is an excellent choice for teaching in mathematics and or science lessons where it can be taught in context.
  • This root is one that should be taught to students in the upper intermediate/middle high school grades when students are beginning to encounter words contain it on a more frequent basis.

Origin: Latin

Definition: able, can do

Examples: comfortable, drinkable, flammable, disputable, fixable, laughable

<credit> + <able> = creditable

<eat> + <able> = eatable

<explain> + <able> = explainable

<move> + <able> = movable

<suit> + <able> = suitable

  • This suffix is adjective forming.
  • This suffix is typically used with Old-English base words.
  • This suffix is one that can be taught to younger children, once they have been introduced to the more frequent suffixes.
  • Remind students when adding this suffix to a base word ending in an ‘e’, to drop the ‘e’ before adding the suffix <able>.

Last week, August 26, 2019,  morphemes were the prefix <dis>, the root <therm> and the suffix <ous>.


Next week, September 9, 2019, the morphemes will be the prefix <uni>, the root <spire> and the suffix <ian>.


Be sure to check out more graphics for these morphemes on our Facebook, InstagramPinterest, and Twitter pages.


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