Happy #morphememonday everyone!


Morphology is a wonderful thing and unfortunately it is still missing out of most curricula. Thank you for taking the time to learn more about it.


This week, our prefix <in> has two definitions; I have separated them so there are two prefix entries this week.

Origin: Latin

Definition: not

Examples: incorrect, independent, inefficient, invisible, inapproachable

<in> + <art> + <ist> + <ic> = inartistic

<in> + <act> + <ive> = inactive

<in> + <cure> + <able> = incurable

<in> + <depend> + <ent> = independent

<in> + <flex> + <ible> + inflexible


Origin: Latin, Old English

Definition: in, within, toward

Examples: index, incorporate, incision, incarcerate, increase

<in> + <dent> = indent

<in> + <flux> = influx

<in> + <stead> = instead

<in> + <side> = inside

<in> + <board> = inboard

  • This prefix has alternative spellings of ‘i’, ‘il’, ‘im’, or ‘ir’
  • This prefix is suitable for students who have a solid foundation in prefixes and it is one that should be explicitly taught.
  • When teaching affixes with more than one meaning, it is best to teach them one meaning at a time.

Origin: Latin

Definition: to send

Examples: transmissible, omission, permittable, commitment, omit

<per> + <mit> = permit

<ad> + <miss> + <ion> = admission

<trans> + <mit> + <er> = transmitter

<miss> + <ion> + <ary> = missionary

<sub> + <mit> + <ed> = submitted

<re> + <mit> = remit

  • This root should be taught to intermediate students. I could see this root being taught during a history unit when discussing different conflicts that have occurred. You could give students a word bank containing words with this root and ask them to create a story based on a historical event using as many as the words as they could.
  • When you teach this root, you should mention that the ‘t’ in <mit> will have to be doubled when adding a suffix beginning with a vowel.

Origin: Latin

Definition: quality of

Examples: charity, humanity, timidity, acidity, heredity

<in> + <sane> +<ity> = insanity

<act> + <ive> + <ity> = activity

<stupid> + <ity> = stupidity

<minor> + <ity> = minority

<author> + <ity> = authority

  • This suffix is best taught to older students who are starting to come across words containing this suffix on a more frequent basis.
  • When teaching this suffix, mention that if the base word you are attaching it to ends with an ‘e’, when the new word is formed, it will be dropped.

Last week, October 14, 2019, the morphemes were the prefix <sub>, the root <photo> and the suffix <y>.

Next week, October 28, 2019, the morphemes will be the prefix <tele>, the root <anni> and the suffix <ade>.

Be sure to check out more graphics for these morphemes on our Facebook, InstagramPinterest, and Twitter pages.

If there is anything we can do or post to help you learn more about the importance of morphological awareness (or any other topic for that matter) please send an email to blog@garfortheducation.com

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